PAP smear or test PAP is the collection of cell population from the cervix and the endocervical canal to identify cervical pathology, actually premalignant and malignant diseases. The collection can be done with classic or thin prep material (Figure 1, 2).
IOANNIS Α. KALOGIANNIDIS MD, PhD
Associate Professor Obstetrics Gynecology - Gynecologic Oncology
Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) is related to cervical cancer in 99% of cases. Most often high risk subtypes concerning the malignant diseases of the female genital tract are the types 16 and 18.